In a large unit with many Teams a tight coupling of joint teams events, becomes a restrictive corset. Here the collection of tactical cycle of "replacements" offers the teams flexibility. A tactical cycle is called "Stage". A Stage consists of multiple Sprints. 


Stage enable to evaluate requirements and planning in a tactical level. Synchronization between teams takes place at the beginning or end of a stage. Decisions within a stage are delegated to the individual teams. Stages provide clearance for the individual teams, which they embellish in the sprints.


Consequences of this coupling:

  1. Introduction a tactical cycle: the stage. This consists of several sprints. All teams have a common clock or rhythm.
  2. Definition of requirements at the tactical and operational level. Tactical requirements are planned and checked in stages. Operational requirements are planned and checked in sprints.
  3. Next to the Product Owner is a Team Product Owner, who is responsible for the operational requirements of his teams.
  4. Stages contains a joint tactical planning (Stage Planning) and tactical retrospectives (Stage Retrospective) E.g. each 4th or 8th sprint. The operational planning, performed and checked by the Teams take place during the stage. 
  5. Responsibility for implementing a Stage is delegated to the teams, who implement 4 - 8 sprints autonomously in a Stage.


There is no text description available, yet


The pattern Two is also describbed by the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe). Information about Safe can be found here:

  • On this Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) website:
  • In the D. Leffingwell book: "Agile Software Requirements: Lean Requirements Practices for Teams, Programs, and the Enterprise", Addison-Wesley, 2011


Common Events
The Stage as a tactical cycle is for mid-term coordination. It contains a number of Sprints (E.g. six Sprints). This giv…
Unit artifacts
The artifacts of a unit serve the tactical coordination of teams.  Organization in a Digital Age uses three artifacts at…
Einheits Rollen
Units which develop a common product, have a Product Owner and a very experienced Master Agility (Unit Agility Master) w…